Internationally important areas
In addition to the natural resources protected at the national level in Serbia, there are also protected areas which are important according to international regulations. Internationally significant natural resources in Serbia are also the basis for the development of international cooperation and exchange of experiences, in order to improve the protection of nature.
"The Convention on the Conservation of Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat", also known as the Ramsar Convention, which is the name given after Ramsar (Iran) where it was adopted on February 2nd in 1971, represents the basis for action, both on the national and international level, in terms of the protection and rational management of wetlands and their resources. Ten natural areas in Serbia, which are on the list of internationally important wetlands, the so called Ramsar sites, cover an area of 63.919 hectares. Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia has determined a preliminary list of 68 potential Ramsar sites in Serbia.
Read more at: http://www.ramsar.org/cda...
The work of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – UNESCO is of exceptional importance for the preservation of the world's natural heritage. UNESCO adopted the Convention on the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage in 1972, according to which is determined the World Heritage List with the goods considered by the World Heritage Committee to possess outstanding universal value. The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia has so far drafted expert documents as the basis for the proposal to nominate two natural resources for including in the List of World Natural Heritage: National Park "Šar planina" and the Natural Monument "Đavolja Varoš".
The harmony of man and nature has been the basis of the "Man and Biosphere" UNESCO program since 1971. Biosphere reserves are the areas of terrestrial and coastal / marine ecosystems which are within MAB program. Biosphere reserves are of crucial importance for achieving a sustainable balance between the sometimes conflicting goals of conserving biological diversity, promoting economic development and preserving cultural values. According to this program, the Nature Park "Golija", along with the protected surrounding of Studenica monastery, was designated as Biosphere Reserve "Golija - Studenica" in 2001. There is an ongoing process of a Serbian part of the cross-border natural area "Mura - Drava - Danube" candidacy for a second biosphere reserve in Serbia.
By getting involved in the project "Support to the protected cross-border areas", which is a part of the Action Plan "Parks for Life" (IUCN, EUROPARC), the Institute has determined nine such areas.
» Nature Park Subotičke šume (forest)
» Special Nature Reserve Selevenjska pustara (wastelands)
» Special Nature Reserve Gornje Podunavlje (Upper Danube)
» Special Nature Reserve Zasavica
» National Park Fruška Gora
» National Park Đerdap
» National Park Tara
» Nature Park Stara planina (mountain)
» National Park Šar planina (mountain)
Besides 61 area nominated for "Emerald" European ecological network, there are other natural areas with international status, such as 61 internationally Important Plant Area / IPA, 42 internationally important bird areas (within the program Important Bird Area / IBA) and 40 Prime Butterfly Areas / PBA.
All these areas are a part of the Ecological Network of Serbia (Decree on Ecological Network, "Official Gazette of RS", No. 102/2010).
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