National Park Đerdap
The National Park Đerdap is situated in the north-east of Serbia, along the international border with Romania, on the total surface of 63.000 ha. This area was designated as national park in 1974. The main natural phenomenon of the area is the grand Đerdap Gorge of the river Danube, the longest and largest river gorge in Europe. It consists of four smaller gorges and three valleys ranging along almost 100 km.
Due to the great length and depth, various forms of relief and sheltered habitats with a specific microclimate, Đerdap Gorge is one of the most important refuges of the ancient flora and fauna of Europe.
The area of the Park is inhabited by over 1.100 plant species, with distinguished tertiary relics, such as: Turkish hazel, walnut, lilac, yew, silver lime, Caucasian lime and others. The abundance of species and complex physical environmental impacts caused the existence of more than 50 forest and shrub communities, out of which 35 are of relic character.
The diversity of habitats and plant communities affected the fauna, which is also rich in relict species. The National Park is habitat to over 150 species of birds: golden eagle, short-toed snake-eagle, white-tailed eagle, black stork, grey heron and other rare species that inhabit this area. Besides numerous other fauna species, there are also mammals such as: otter, bear, lynx, jackal, chamois, roe deer, deer, etc.
Đerdap Gorge has proven to be the safe and suitable shelter, not only to plant and animal species, but also to a man. The proof of this is abundance of findings from different prehistoric and historic periods, the presence of world-famous Neolithic settlement Lepenski Vir, the traces of Roman and Byzantine civilizations and other cultural and historical monuments.
PE “National Park Đerdap”
Kralja Petra I 14а, 19220 Donji Milanovac
Tel. +381 30 590-788, fax +381 30 590-877
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