National Park Fruška gora
The National Park Fruška gora covers the highest ridges of the massif of Fruška gora, the dominant promontory that rises like a green island on the southern border of the Pannonian Plain, along the Danube River coast. It ranges over 25.393 ha with the buffer zone of 66.090 ha. Serbian oldest national park, designated in 1960, is famous for its gentle slopes, hundreds of years old forests and well-known vine-yards. Due to the complexity of its geological formation and the structure of rocks from almost every geological period, it represents a sort of mirror of this area`s geological past.
Fruška gora is characterized by rich and diverse living world. Once an island in the Pannonian Basin, Fruška gora has remained a suitable habitat for many Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean species since ancient Pliocene. Forests occupy 90 per cent of the Park area. Dominant forests are lime, oak and beech forests and among the communities described above, the most interesting are the sessile oak forests, common hornbeam forests with butcher's-broom and relict mixed forests of oak and Oriental hornbeam. The flora of Fruška gora consists of about 1500 plant species, among which more than 40 have the status of natural rarities of Serbia (for example, Tertiary relic species – daphne-laurel, cedar cup and bellflower; xerothermic steppe relic species – Tartar bread plant, pasque flower, pheasant’s eye and Sternbergia colchiciflora). Out of more than 30 species of orchids, 18 are internationally important. The rich fauna also contains protected species of insects, 14 species of amphibians and reptiles from the Red List of Endangered Species, and numerous species of birds - about 211, including 130 nesting species. Fruška gora is one of the most important nesting areas for rare birds in the Pannonian Plain and Serbia and currently it is the only point in Serbia with active nests of golden eagle, the most endangered species from the World Red List. Among numerous species of mammals and other natural rarities, the protected groups of bats, European ground squirrels and lesser mole rats are distinguished.
Besides extraordinary natural rarities, this area is characterized by numerous cultural monuments, particularly 17 Orthodox monasteries from the period 15th to18th century.
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