This summer, citizens of Belgrade had a rare opportunity to see wild animals in the city. A wild female boar with several piglets was spotted in the Belgrade quarter of Višnjica on Friday in an attempt to knock down a waste bin to get to food.
In addition to the habitats of wild boars, which are most frequent on the left bank of the Danube in the vicinity of Ovča, Borča and Krnjača, this species is also present in protected areas located on the territory of the city of Belgrade, namely the Outstanding Natural Landscape "Veliko ratno ostrvo" at the confluence of the Sava and Danube and the Monuments of Nature "Lipovička šuma" near Sremčica and "Bojčinska šuma" near Surčin.
Since wild boars’ habitats are in the immediate urban environment, even in the very center of Belgrade (Veliko ratno ostrvo), when they feel that their living space is declining, and that their lives are endangered, or when they are in unfavorable conditions without enough food, part of their population moves away and seeks a new, temporary refuge. The needs for food are higher in the spring-summer period due to the fact that a large number of female wild boars - sows have piglets. In search of food, animals enter settlements or, as was the case last year and in 2014, they are seen in urban settlements in an attempt to escape from floods. On both occasions the caught wild boars were returned to their natural habitats, including protected areas, which was organized by the Public Communal Service "Veterina Beograd" and the Hunting Association in Zemun.
In most cases, wild boars run away when they suddenly meet a man, but if they are already irritated, they can be aggressive and attack. These are rare cases, and happen in situations where the boar is injured and when the sow is guarding its piglets.
Therefore, for the personal safety of people and to avoid unnecessary disturbance, which can cause uncontrolled reactions and unpredictable movement of wild boars, it is necessary to move away from the place where they were seen and inform "Veterina Beograd" or hunting associations so that the animals are returned to their natural habitat. Bearing in mind that wild animals, when looking for shelter and food (because of which they can cross 40 km a day), cross city roads, drivers are urged to drive carefully, especially at night when wild boars are active in search of food. In such situations, except for the animal itself, the safety of traffic participants is also endangered, and as a result of the impact, in addition to material damage to vehicles, accidents with serious consequences can occur.
In regular field inspections of expert associates of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia during the last year, general data on the number and status of wild boars were collected, on the basis of which an increase in their number and distribution was determined.