World Environment Day is marked throughout the world on June 5th with the slogan "It's time for nature" in the campaigns and actions aimed at conserving biodiversity and overall natural heritage.
Considering the fact that biodiversity conservation is best implemented by preserving habitats, and according to the work of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, the beginning of this year in our country was marked by the designation of three new protected areas. These are special nature reserves along the Morava River, "Brzansko Moravište" and "Osredak", and the geological phenomenon, Monument of Nature "Blederija", which is the habitat of a large number of rare and endangered species.
According to the protection studies of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, as a professional documentation basis, the Government of the Republic of Serbia passed a decree on the designation of the Special Nature Reserve "Brzansko Moravište" and the Monument of Nature "Blederija". The decrees came into force at the end of January 2020, while the decree on the designation of the Special Nature Reserve "Osredak" was passed at the end of February 2020. All three new protected areas are protected as natural resources of great importance.
On the occasion of designating three new areas, the Director of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, Aleksandar Dragišić, M.A., points out that "by declaring these areas in Serbia, 7.66% of the territory is currently protected, i.e. 677,950 ha within 450 protected areas".
"In addition to the designation of new areas", Mr. Dragišić says that "for the protection of nature, it is equally important to make every citizen of our country aware of the importance of conserving natural values, biodiversity and geoheritage of Serbia, and to contribute to their better protection with their behavior and daily attitude, since caring for nature is caring for human well-being."
More information about the new protected areas
Special nature reserve "Brzansko Moravište" on the territory of the city of Jagodina and the municipality of Batočina has been placed under protection as an area important from the aspect of waterfowl protection, as part of the corridor for their migrations, which provides nesting conditions for many rare and protected bird species. About 60 strictly protected bird species regularly inhabit this area, of which about 30 nest there. Among the species of special interest for protection there are the pigmy cormorant, little bittern, black-crowned night heron, grey heron, little egret, white stork, black stork, ferruginous duck, lesser spotted eagle, northern lapwing, little ringed plover, common tern and lesser grey shrike. SNR "Brzansko Moravište" is of exceptional importance as a reproductive center for several species of amphibians and reptiles, but also for the conservation of the overall biodiversity of the area. Brzansko Moravište is the first area along Velika Morava River to be placed under protection, and it is one of the last preserved wetland habitats, the old meander of the river Velika Morava near the village of Brzan.
In the area of the Special Nature Reserve of 64.76 ha, the protection regimes II and III have been established, within which it is not allowed to perform works and activities which may impair the properties for which the area has been designated as protected according to the law. Special nature reserve "Brzansko Moravište" is entrusted to the management of the Department for Environmental Protection and Improvement of the City Administration of Jagodina.
The Monument of Nature "Blederija" is located on the southwestern edge of the Danube region in Serbia, southwest of Kladovo, and is being protected in order to preserve the richness and diversity of geological phenomena. The spring of Blederija is branched, with four places from where the spring flows and two accumulative waterfalls, of which the downstream one, due to its height of about 7 m, beauty and richness of water, is a hydrological heritage site of Serbia. Large tufa accumulations are in the lower stream, and the spring cave Sokolovica, with the eponymous intermittent spring of gravity type and periodic stream, is downstream from the locality "Grad" to the confluence with the streams Suvaja and Blederija, which cut a picturesque limestone gorge with several distinct narrows and waterfalls.
In the area of natural monument of 398.87 ha, the protection regime II has been established. The monument of nature "Bledrija" is entrusted to the management of the Tourist Organization of Kladovo.
Special nature reserve "Osredak" is protected in order to preserve the wetland habitats in the valley of the Zapadna Morava River, which consist of a network of old distributaries, oxbow lakes and dozens of newly formed lakes, as well as to conserve Paleozoic crystalline shales with a high degree of metamorphism in the floor over which distributes the Neogene and Quaternary rock complex, Belovodski sandstones, Pannonian-Pontic sediments, but also to preserve the 44 plant species, the rest of mesophilic lowland forests of common oak, communities of white willow and brittle willow, white and black poplar, purple willow, endangered plant species such as yellow water-lily, nutsedge, common horsetail and common comfrey, bird habitats that are part of the migration corridor, as well as to provide nesting conditions for many rare and protected species (83 bird species), habitats for amphibians, including: marsh frog, common toad and European green toad, and the habitats of the European pond turtle and the snakes - grass snake, dice snake and Aesculapian snake among the reptiles.
Protection regimes of the degree II and III have been established in the area of the special nature reserve of 245.75 ha. Special nature reserve is entrusted to the management of the Public Communal Company Kruševac.