74th anniversary of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia
In Belgrade, on April 30, 1948, exactly 74 years ago, the institutional protection of nature in Serbia began with the establishment of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia.
As the highest state expert institution in the field of nature conservation, the Institute implements activities aimed at studying and protecting natural heritage.
The protection of natural resources is based on research in a certain area and on the preparation of a conservation study which determines the categories, measures and regimes of protection. In Serbia, a total of 466 areas have been protected in this way, covering 691,331 ha, which represents 7.81% of the territory of the Republic of Serbia. The Institute for Nature Conservation implements projects on the protection of plant and animal species, their habitats and ecosystems and prepares Red Lists and Red Books of endangered species. 1783 species are strictly protected in Serbia, while 860 species are protected.
The past year was marked by achievements in the field of nature conservation, the most important of which were:
-Increase in the protected area by 15,000 hectares according to the revision conducted and newly designated areas, namely: Natural monument "Drvored hrastova kod Bačkog Petrovog Sela", Natural monument "Kalemegdanski rt", Outstanding Natural Landscape "Ade i odseci kod Slankamena", Natural monument "Kovačevića pećina", Outstanding Natural Landscapes "Ovčarsko-kablarska klisura" and "Maljen".
- Completion of conservation studies for newly designated areas: Protected habitat of strictly protected plant species Hypecoum pseudograndiflorum, Protected habitat "Jezero Ćelije", Natural monument "Sesalačka pećina" and Outstanding Natural Landscape "Ada Ciganlija".
- Engagement in the process of designation of two more national parks in our country for which the Institute, upon a multi-annual field research and data collection, has prepared a conservation study for the National Park "Kučaj-Beljanica" and completed an audit based on which the conservation study for the National Park "Stara Planina" was prepared.
- Research in the area of Jelica mountain, Gornjačka gorge, Šalinački lug, Zlatar mountain, Lopatnica, Park in Guča, swamp and bog habitat on the site of Livade, Bele reke.
- Professional supervision in 18 protected areas for the purpose of issuing a documents pertaining to nature conservation conditions, or upon the request of the protected area manager.
- Participation in the development of proposals for areas to be included in the European network Natura 2000 sites that have been selected based on the analysis of data collected by experts engaged in this project and the continuation of field research on mapping habitat types and species.
- Periodic report for the Biosphere Reserve "Golija - Studenica" for the period 2011-2020, which was submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with the aim of submitting it to the Advisory Committee for Biosphere Reserves in Paris.
- New editions in the field of nature protection and conservation have been published as part of the Institute’s publishing activities, such as monographs: "Natural heritage of Hilandar and Mount Athos", "Hilandar - medicinal plants in the Garden of the Mother of God", "Tara National Park – 40th anniversary", as well as handbooks: "Selected invasive alien species in the flora of Serbia", "Strictly protected species of trees and shrubs in Serbia", "Field research in botany - a handbook with special reference to the Vlasina plateau", "Ichthyofauna and riparian vegetation of the Timok basin within Stara Planina Nature Park". In order to educate public and promote the natural heritage of our country, numerous programs have been implemented, both for schoolchildren and students, and for the general public as well.
The priority in nature conservation activities in the coming period will be to further increase the percentage of the territory of Serbia under protection, in order to reach more than 12% of the protected territory, as well as to apply modern European standards in establishing protection and managing protected areas. Ecological networks are a relatively new concept in nature protection, which relies on several international conventions, and for Serbia the European ecological network NATURA 2000 is especially important, which is implemented through projects in cooperation with the relevant ministry and the IPA projects.