The presentation of Serbian natural beauties on the occasion of the National Nature Conservation Day
The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, in cooperation with the managers of protected areas, on April 11, on the occasion of marking the National Nature Conservation Day, participated in several events where the values and uniqueness of the natural heritage of our country were presented.
At the Outstanding Natural Landscape "Cultural Landscape Tršić-Tronoša", in cooperation with the Cultural Center "Vuk Karadžić", in front of the Vuk Memorial House were presented the Institute’s publications "Dragonflies of Serbia" and "Strictly protected woody species and shrubs in Serbia", whereas the workshops were held, which were intended for the students of the Vuk Memorial School in Tršić. In these workshops, the students, according to the instructions of Institute’s associates, have been discovering and recognizing what makes this landscape exceptional in, above all, natural values, as well as which plants and animals can be seen here, why they are important to us and what are the main characteristics that have designated this area of national and cultural importance as an exceptional place according to its natural characteristics.
The natural values of this area are conserved complexes of autochthonous forests with Hungarian oak and Turkey oak and other forests, while out of a total of 145 species of plants and animals, 83 are protected, and 62 belong to the category of strictly protected. Based on the conservation study of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia for the area "Cultural Landscape Tršić - Tronoša", the Government of the Republic of Serbia passed in 2019 the Decree on the designation of the Outstanding Natural Landscape "Cultural Landscape Tršić - Tronoša".
On the occasion of the National Nature Conservation Day, the Outstanding Natural Landscape "Maljen" was presented, which was designated by the Government of the Republic of Serbia on the basis of the conservation study of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, in August 2021. The expert associates of the Institute participated in the presentation of the values of this mountain at the sites of Kraljev sto, Paljba lookout and Crna reka, which was organized by the manager of the ONL "Maljen", PE "Srbijašume". The Outstanding Natural Landscape "Maljen" is characterized by conserved river flows that cut deep gorge-like river valleys, in some parts even of the canyon type (especially the gorges of Bukovska and Crna rivers, Crna Kamenica river gorge, and the gorges of Kozlica and Tinja rivers, the left tributaries of Kamenica), as well as Skakalo waterfall, Manastirica spring and the lost river of the Ponor pod Pločom. Maljen is characterized by conserved forests of oak, oak and hornbeam, beech, beech and fir, black and Scots pine, South European flowering ash and hop hornbeam, birch, willow and black alder. The richness of the flora is reflected in 474 plant taxa and fauna with the registered presence of 19 species of amphibians and reptiles, 52 species of mammals, 135 species of birds and conserved fish fauna.
On this occasion, an ornithological workshop was held as well in the Nature Park "Sićevačka klisura", which was organized by the Nature Park manager, PE "Srbijašume", and the Society for the Protection and Study of Birds of Serbia. In their introductory speeches, the expert associates of the Institute pointed out to the participants the importance of the natural heritage of our country and the uniqueness of the site in which the workshop was realized. Nature Park "Sićevačka klisura" is one of the most impressive and most valuable gorge-like and canyon type limestone valleys in Serbia. Numerous caves, swallow holes, sinkholes, rocky spurs and imposing limestone escarpments of Kusača, arranged in an arched, amphitheater series, give a special feature to this area. The presence of a large number of endemic, endemorelic, relict, rare and, in general, important plant species has been registered in the gorge, so it can be rightly said that this gorge is a great refuge for plant species in Serbia, the Balkans and Europe. Based on the conservation study of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia, the Government of the Republic of Serbia designated the Nature Park "Sićevačka klisura" in 2000.