Outstanding Natural Landscape "Vlasina"


Protection category I – protected area of international, national, that is, of exceptional importance


The area of Outstanding Natural Landscape "Vlasina" includes 13.329,84 ha, of which 49.12% is private possession, 50.83% is state-owned and 0.05% belongs to another type of land ownership.


Protection degree I - 9,63 ha or 0,07% of the total area of ONL "Vlasina" at the sites:
1) River island Dugi Del - 7,82 ha
2) River island Stratorija - 1,81 ha

Protection degree II - 4.385,01 ha or 32,90% of the total area of ONL "Vlasina" at the sites:
1) Vrtop Jelački rid - 1.749,73 ha
2) Mali Čemernik - 90,62 ha
3) Veliki Čemernik - 361,33 ha
4) Stevanovski potok - 37,16 ha
5) Blato-Delnice-Bratanov Del - 409,66 ha
6) Semi-island Dugi Del - 40,55 ha
7) Vlasina lake - 2.080,44 ha
8) Vučja river gorge - 102,89 ha

Protection degree III - 8.935,20 ha or 67,03% of the total area of ONL "Vlasina" includes the remaining part of the protected area that is not included in the protection regimes of the degree I and II.


ONL "Vlasina" distributes mostly on the territory of the Municipality of Surdulica (cadastre municipalities of Bitvrđa, Božica, Vlasina Okruglica, Vlasina Rid, Vlasina Stojkovićeva, Groznatovci, Drajinci and Klisura) where it covers an area of 12.848,71 ha or 96.39% of the protected area, as well as on the territory of the Municipality of Crna Trava (cadastre municipality of Crna Trava) at an area of 481.13 ha or 3.61% of the protected area.


Decree on the Designation of the Outstanding Natural Landscape "Vlasina" ("Official Gazette of RS", No. 30/2006)


Decree on the Designation of the Outstanding Natural Landscape "Vlasina" ("Official Gazette of RS", No. 25/2018)


Tourist Organisation of the Municipality of Surdulica


The protected area of Vlasina includes most of the Vlasina Plateau in southeastern Serbia. On this plateau lies an artificial lake, the altitude of which exceeds 1000 m. The lake was formed on the site of one of the largest mountain mires in the Balkan Peninsula.
The flora of Vlasine mires is characterized by the presence of characteristic peatland plants. Among the 956 species of plants, endemic and boreal species that inhabit the mountain mires around lake, springs and brooks are of particular value. The representative species of Vlasina are the round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia), known as the carnivorous plant, bog-sedge (Carex limosa), melancholy thistle (Cirsium helenioides), and marsh cinquefoil (Potentilla palustris). The melancholy thistle (Cirsium helenioides), the only known site of which in Serbia is on Vlasina, is widespread on the outskirts of the mire. The beauty of the landscape is especially enhanced by the floating peat islands, which are home to the communities of downy birch (Betula pubescens) and narrow-leaved olive willow (Salix rosmarinifolia). Habitats of this type are rare in our country, and include specific wildlife and many plant species that occur there in isolated populations at the extreme borders of their distribution. Of particular importance from the biodiversity point of view is the presence of stenoendemic species such as Serbian orchid, a conserved boreal relic representing the rest of the flora of dark coniferous forests and peatlands from the glaciation period and interglacial stages in the Balkan Peninsula.
The ornithofauna of this area, as one of the fundamental phenomena, is particularly important and endangered category, and its richness is expressed by 125 registered species. According to internationally accepted principles, more than 60 species are protected and 50 species are permanently protected by the Serbian legislation. The presence of globally threatened bird species such as Aythya nyroca, Aquila heliaca and Crex crex is of particular importance.
The mammal fauna is represented by 27 species. On Vlasina occur the common shrew (Sorex araneus), Eurasian water shrew (Neomys fodiens), Mediterranean water shrew (Neomys anomalus), European